The water cycle is the constant movement of water that occurs above and below the earths surface, and has many effects. It is a constant or alternative flow of water, and has a variety of effects on plant and animal life. This article endeavors to describe these effects with the understanding of general knowledge as well as applied research.
The affects of water stress on plant life can be conditioned by controlling the supply of water. In times of drought, one of the simplest ways to conserve water is to limit the amount of direct irrigation. Irrigation by chemical leaf means is one way to manage this problem. Ground watering by sprinkling is another. Soil that is well-drained, and moist before the start of the season, should be adequate in most circumstances. After the plants have been put on the ground or in the containers, they may need to be watered more than once a day in some cases, depending on weather conditions.
Consistent irrigation is the best way to prevent tree roots from forming in the contacting soil. For established trees, a one-inch depth of compost around the trunks and limbs is adequate. It is wise to line the emerging trunks with a mulch for added protection.
A one-inch layer of bark facing the soil is advisable for new trees and shrubs growing in garden soil. Redwood and Douglas fir are often pruned to two-inch heights. Smaller trees may be pruned to three-inch heights. To prevent the needles from becoming too close to the tree, they should be placed in a three-inch tray of peat moss inside the container.
One of the goals of pruning is to create a visual balance in the tree. The tree is also expected to have the leader branch at the top, followed by the branch that supplies the ot the opposite sex, then the branch that resembles the beauty, and lastly the branch that resembles kindness.
The branch that resembles kindness is called munificence, which is also the branch that supports the fruiting and flowering branches. The other branches are known asBeauty branches, and those furnishing the fruits and flowers are known as lovely branches. Pruning often begins with a single branch known as the apex. It is hoped that this branch will be the leader inside the tree. Other branches are being pulled toward this leader branch by the act of known as known as sawing. If the branch to be eliminated is not strong enough to
stand on its own, additional branches are being pulled to make it stand tall. As these extra branches are dying, they are replaced by sucker branches that grow in the opposite direction as the leader branch.
The tree begins to grow from this pupa or little plant, known as the rootstock or corm. Leaf nodes along the major veins of the tree are where the roots begin to develop. Allow these needles to grow until they are fully developed just like the leader branch. Thin them to the twenty-inch major branches. The bark of the tree is still tight throughout, and this makes the tree a little easier to work with.
Pruning is the last phase before the actual delivery of the tree to the landscape. It is very important that when you prune the tree, you do it in the spring before the sap starts to rise. The sap is a very powerful plant growth factor, and if the work is not done properly, you may be removing parts of the tree that will eventually grow a new leader, too. If you prune the tree at this time, it will help you to guide the tree into being a healthier, stronger tree for the rest of its life.