Nutrition

Obesity and Health Problem

WHAT IS OBESITY?

Obesity is a condition resulting from excessive storage of fat in the body. Obesity has been defined as being over 20% heavier than what is considered normal according to standard tables of age, height and weight or by a complex formula known as the “body mass index”. body” (BMI).

WHAT IS THE BODY MASS INDEX?
The body mass index (BMI) is a measurement based on a person’s height and weight. The higher the BMI, the more obese you are. BMI values ​​apply to men and women, regardless of height or muscle mass, except:
Pregnant women or nursing mothers
Individuals under the age of 16
Frail or sedentary elderly
Competitive athletes
Professional bodybuilders

How to Calculate BMI

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines BMI as:

BMI = weight (kg)
Height (m) x (m)

Conversion factor:

pound = kg inch x 2.54 = m
2.2 100

The healthy weight range for BMI is 18.5 to 22.9

BMI You are:
< 18.5 Underweight
18.5 -22.9 Normal weight and healthy
=23 Overweight
25 – 29.9 Obese
=30 Severely obese

CAUSES OF OBESITY

Weight is largely determined by how well you balance your caloric intake from food with the energy you use in daily activities. If you consume more calories than you use, you gain weight. Your body stores the calories you don’t need for energy as fat.
Overeating and lack of physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors contribute to obesity. They are:

Eating habits: Regular consumption of high-calorie foods, such as fast foods, contributes to weight gain. Fat-rich foods are calorie-dense. Filling up on soft drinks, sweets and desserts also promotes weight gain. Foods and drinks like these are high in sugar and calories.

Lifestyle: Sedentary people are more likely to gain weight because they don’t burn calories through physical activity.

Psychological factors: Some people overeat to deal with problems or difficult emotions. In some cases, obesity can stem from an eating disorder. It’s been shown. For example, bulimia for some people releases natural opiates in the brain, providing a sense of well-being and physical pleasure.

Genetics: If one or both of your parents are obese, your chances of being overweight increase by 25-30%. Your genes can affect how much body fat you store and where that fat is distributed. But your genetic makeup does not guarantee that you will be obese.

Gender: Men have more muscle than women and because muscle burns more calories than fat, men burn up to 20% more calories than women, even at rest. Thus, for women, achieving a healthy weight can be a more difficult challenge.

Age: As you age, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease and fat makes up a higher percentage of your weight. This lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. Your metabolism also naturally slows as you age. People also tend to be less active as they get older. Together, these changes reduce calorie needs. If you don’t decrease your calorie intake as you age, you’ll likely gain weight.

Smoking: Smokers tend to gain weight after quitting. Weight gain of 6 to 8 pounds is not uncommon. This weight gain may be partially due to nicotine’s ability to increase the rate at which your body burns calories (metabolic rate). When smokers quit, they burn fewer calories. Smoking also affects taste. Former smokers often gain weight because they eat more after quitting. Their food tastes and smells better.

Pregnancy: After each pregnancy, a woman’s weight increases by an average of 4 to 6 pounds from her pre-pregnancy weight. This weight gain can contribute to the development of obesity in women.

Medical problems: Less than 2% of all cases of obesity can be attributed to a medical cause such as low thyroid function, excessive production of hormones by the adrenal glands (Cushing’s syndrome) or other hormonal imbalances. A low metabolic rate is rarely a cause of obesity. A medical condition can also lead to decreased activity, which can lead to weight gain.

Medications: Corticosteroids and tricyclic antidepressants, in particular, can cause weight gain.

HEALTH AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS

Obesity is more than a cosmetic concern. The human body with its 30 to 40 billion fat cells can handle a little extra fat. Fat is important for storing energy and insulating the body, among other functions. But after a certain point, body fat can start interfering with your health.

If you are obese you are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems. They understand:
High blood pressure
Diabetes
Abnormal blood fats
coronary artery disease
Stroke
Osteoarthritis
Sleep Apnea
Cancer

Obesity can also contribute to gallstones, solid cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder, and gout, a joint disorder.

BEHAVIOUR CHANGE

To lose weight and keep it off, you need to make changes in your life. Changing your lifestyle is more than choosing different foods and getting more activity into your day. It also involves changing your approach to food and activity, which means changing the way you think, feel and act.
Research has shown that a number of tools and tips are effective in helping you change. Follow these tips to change:

Motivate yourself: No one can make you lose weight. Inface, increased pressure often from people close to you can only make things worse. Likewise, trying to lose weight to satisfy someone else rarely works either. Make changes to your diet and exercise to make you happy.

Make lifestyle changes a priority: When considering initiating new weight-related lifestyle changes, make sure you’ve addressed other pressing issues in your life. It takes a lot of energy to change habits and you want to make sure you’re focused on the topic at hand.

Have a plan: Develop a strategy that will gradually change the habits and attitudes that may have undermined your past efforts to lose weight. Choose a specific start date. Think about the frequency and duration of your exercises. Determine a realistic diet that includes plenty of water, fruits and vegetables. Write down everything about the plan, for example: when and where will you do the steps in your plan, how will your plan fit into your schedule, what potential obstacles there are, and how will you deal with them.

Surround yourself with good examples: When setting your goals, it helps to surround yourself with good examples. Healthy living and healthy cooking magazines contain many true stories, healthy and easy recipes, exercise tips and interesting fitness facts.

Avoid food triggers: Distract yourself from the desire to eat with something positive like calling a friend. Train yourself to say “NO” to unhealthy foods and large portions. Eat when you’re really hungry, not when the clock says it’s time to eat. When you eat, focus on eating. Serve your meal on smaller plates so less food has more. In general, store food out of sight and don’t keep junk food nearby.

Keep a log: You should weigh yourself while you work to lose weight. Periodically keep a food and activity diary so you can reinforce good habits and uncover behaviors you may need to improve. Remember that success is not defined solely by the actual weight lost. Be sure to track other important health metrics like blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and overall fitness.

Focus on the positive: Rather than focusing on what you can’t eat, focus on what you can eat. See what new tastes and activities you can discover that will improve your health.

Don’t give up: So many things in our culture conspire to make and keep you overweight. You will have setbacks. Don’t expect perfection immediately. But don’t give up. Use setbacks to get back on track. Motivate yourself with healthy rewards for achieving goals.

Coping with obesity can mean taking a hard look at your lifestyle and making some tough changes. If you’re overweight or obese, you need to cultivate a positive attitude before you can shed those extra pounds. With knowledge, the right attitude, a good plan, and an MRT complex, you can and will lose weight safely, quickly, and effectively.

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